Key Places - 3 Countries 16 Days
Thailand, Laos and Vietnam
Dien Biên Phu
Dien Biên Phu is located in the Muong Thanh valley in north west Vietnam near to the Laos border and is the capital of Biên Province. The journey here is a dramatic one along narrow mountain roads leading to the Nam Rom River at the core of the heart shaped valley. Dien Biên Phu is best known for the battle that occurred here in 1954 marking a turning point in French influence in Indochina and the beginning of the end of colonial rule. The French-held garrison fell after a four-month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region. The city was formerly called Thaeng. There are a number of sites of interest relating to the battle including a museum containing military and other artifacts including a bicycle that was used to carry supplies through the jungles and reputedly could carry up to 330kg of ordinance.
Phu Lang Ka
Phu Lang Ka is a remote village in the mountains of Phong District, Phayao Province in Northern Thailand. In this tiny hillside destination early risers can witness one of the most spectacular sunrises you are likely to find anywhere on earth. An other-worldly vision of karst rock out crops and the Doi Hua Ling, Doi Phu Lang Ka and Doi Phu Nom mountains all cloaked in rolling mists set the scene for daybreak. The area is equally gifted with beautiful sunsets. Rolling hills, rice paddies, temples and limestone mountains and fields laden with pink Dok Khlongkhleng flowers make this area a unique and special destination.
High in the mountains Sa Pa is the frontier town of the Sa Pa district in Northwest Vietnam, 400 km north-west of Hanoi. Located at 1550 m above sea level, and frequently covered by cloud the town is cool all year round. The area is known as "the Tonkinese Alps" You will see hill tribe people, their villages, rice terraces, lush vegetation, and Fan Si Pan, the highest peak in Vietnam. Many ethnic minority groups such as H'mong, Dao and Tay live here, each with unique cultures, lifestyles and languages, all wearing their traditional attire, working on the evergreen terraces.
About 1 km from Sapa town, at the bottom of the Muong Hoa Valley is the stunning Cat Cat Waterfall. Cat Cat Village is home to the Black H'Mong who account for over 50% of the Sa Pa population. Near to the border with China, Sa Pa was under French colonial administration for the first part of the 20th Century, and served as a hill station retreat from the stifling summer heat of Hanoi. Many of the town's colonial buildings were destroyed during conflicts at the end of the Second World War, by Việt Minh supporters in the late 1940s, and by French air raids in the early 1950s. The majority of the local communities fled, and the town entered a lull until migration from the lowlands began again with economic incentives in the 1960s. Since the 1990s Sa Pa has been a tourist destination.
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